Participating in elections is common, easiest and cheapest kind of political participation and its one of the proper standards for finding the political participation rate, it may be less but to some extent it shows the motives and other obstacles factors of people participation in political activities.
One of the elections characteristics is its selecting character. It means either participating in election (in the framework of laws) is freely also voter can freely vote to his/her interest Candidate.
In case of vote nature, two theory can be mentioned. a part of people says that voting is the right of people and another part of people says that it’s a social act and it’s a problem for the people of society.
The first theory is based on theory. Explanation of that, which if ours peoples sovereignty is the result of gathered sovereignty shares of every citizen. So every citizen have right of participation and cooperation for organizing of the government and categorizing of political authority.
If this cooperation and participation realizes through election process so every citizen have the right of voting and no one should be able to violate their rights.
On the other hand vote is a personal right, therefore he/she independently can decide whether to use it or not.
Second theory refers to “national sovereignty” thought. A Nation is non dividable totality and the sovereignty belong to this totality is nation not the citizens who are among the factors of formation.
If the power of electing was given to people not because of their right but because of their responsibility for selection of officials. Actually citizens would performed their social responsibility. Therefore if it was accordingly to society interests so voting process could be compulsory and the one who avoids to vote could be forced and sued to the court.
It seems that a theory which contains both theories may have more usage capability. In this between the theory which is more according to principles of human’s freedom for determining their fate and social responsibility is a theory which declares that voting is both right and responsibility of society members.