The Wolesi Jirga is the lower house whose members are directly elected through free, general and secret voting for a period of five years.
The Wolesi Jirga has 249 seats and 10 of them are reserved for Kuchis (nomads). The number of seats for each province is proportionate to its population. The individual who becomes a candidate for its membership shall be 25 years old, a citizen of Afghanistan for the last ten years, and not convicted of crimes against humanity or crimes that warrant deprivation of civil rights by a court.
The is a constitutional quota of seats allocated to women in the Wolesi Jirga. The Constitution states that at least two women shall be elected members of the House from each province which means 68 reserved seats for women.
In the Wolesi Jirga election, each province is a constituency (Multi-Member Plurality).
The eligible voter can only cast vote in the province, where his/her name is registered in voters list. Kuchis can also run and vote. The entire country is a single constituency for Kuchis in the Wolesi Jirga election.
The legislative term is for five years. Election for new Wolesi Jirga shall take place 30 to 60 days prior to the end of the sitting Wolesi Jirga.